Teen acne, also known as adolescent acne, is a common dermatological condition characterized by the appearance of pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads on the skin of teenagers. It primarily affects individuals during puberty, typically between the ages of 12 and 18, when hormonal changes are most pronounced.
The main cause of teen acne is an increase in sebum production by the sebaceous glands, combined with the accumulation of dead skin cells and the proliferation of acne-causing bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes. Hormonal fluctuations, particularly the rise in androgen levels, play a significant role in stimulating sebum production. Other contributing factors include genetic predisposition, improper skincare routines, certain medications, stress, and dietary choices.
The complex interplay of these factors leads to the clogging of hair follicles, inflammation, and the development of acne lesions on the face, chest, back, and other oil-producing areas of the body.